How to choose high quality plywoods for furniture

March 20, 2024

Interior Design8

When it comes to crafting durable and visually appealing furniture, the choice of materials plays a pivotal role. Among the various options available, plywood stands out as a versatile and widely used material. However, not all plywood is created equal. To ensure your furniture project stands the test of time, it's essential to choose high-quality plywood. Let’s delve into the key factors to consider when selecting plywood for furniture.
Understanding Plywood
Before diving into the selection process, it's crucial to have a basic understanding of plywood. Plywood is made by layering thin sheets of wood (veneers) and bonding them together with adhesives. These layers are arranged with the grain direction alternating for added strength and stability.
Grading System
Plywood is graded based on its appearance and quality. The most common grading system includes letters such as A, B, C, and D, where A represents the highest quality and D the lowest. Selecting a higher grade ensures fewer defects, such as knots and voids, resulting in a smoother and more visually appealing finish.
Core Material
Plywood comes with various core materials, and the choice depends on the intended use. Common core types include veneer core, particleboard core, and MDF core. Veneer core durable plywood is often preferred for furniture due to its stability and strength. Particleboard and MDF cores are suitable for specific applications but may not offer the same structural integrity.
Veneer Quality
Examine the veneer quality on the surface of the plywood sheets. High-quality plywood will feature smooth, void-free veneers with minimal patches or repairs. A consistent grain pattern is indicative of a superior product that will enhance the aesthetics of your furniture.
Adhesive Type
The adhesive used in plywood construction is a critical factor influencing its durability. Look for plywood that uses water-resistant or waterproof adhesives. This is particularly important if your furniture will be exposed to moisture, ensuring the layers remain bonded even in challenging environmental conditions.
Plywood Thickness
The thickness of durable plywood is a crucial consideration based on the intended use of the furniture. Thicker plywood generally provides more strength and stability. However, it's essential to strike a balance, as overly thick plywood may add unnecessary weight and cost to your project.
Consider the Application
Different plywood furniture pieces have varying requirements. For example, cabinets, tables, and chairs have distinct load-bearing needs. Tailor your plywood selection based on the specific application to guarantee optimal performance and longevity.
Sustainable Sourcing
In today's eco-conscious world, consider plywood from sustainable sources. Look for certifications such as FSC (Forest Stewardship Council), ensuring that the wood used in the plywood comes from responsibly managed forests
Choosing high-quality plywood for your furniture project involves a combination of understanding the grading system, core material, veneer quality, adhesive type, and thickness. By carefully considering these factors and tailoring your selection to the intended application, you can create furniture that not only looks impressive but also stands the test of time. Investing time and effort in selecting the right plywood will undoubtedly pay off in the longevity and durability of your finished pieces.






Q : What is plywood used for?

A : Plywood is an extremely versatile building material, and it can be used in a variety of applications, based on a variety of factors such as reinforcement and decorative surfaces. Due to its strength and cost, it is often used in interior and exterior building applications, from things like wooden furniture to interior cladding.

Q : What if the plywood gets wet?

A : Most BWP plywood boards will resist the harmful effects of raw water, and stronger woods are better equipped to manage prolonged water damage and film-coated plywood is an example. Like most timber, even if it is waterproof plywood, prolonged exposure to moisture will start to wear and damage the wood. Untreated pieces will also not hold for long, and warping and rotting will start much faster over time.

Q : Can plywood be bent?

A : Although plywood sheet can be bent, it should be specialized, as most other plywood will crumble and break if they are bent. The best plywood available for flexing should have grain close together so that the surface does not separate during bending. Near-vein hardwood surfaces are ideal, including plywood made from eucalyptus

Q : Can the plywood be sanded and polished?

A : Plywood can be sanded and polished. However, like any other wood, it is important to use the right equipment to ensure that the finish appears as desired. Individuals should start with 80-grit sandpaper to flatten the base surface before moving on to finer grinding for a smoother and more vivid polish on the wood.

Q : How thick is the plywood?

A : The thickness of the plywood varies depending on what pieces are being used. If plywood is being used as a support, it needs to be thicker and stiffer than if it were being used as veneer. Conventional plywood thickness can vary up to 6 mm to 19 mm as much as a quarter of an inch. Specialized plywood grades can come in more varieties when it comes to their thickness.